E-cigarettes, in the broadest sense, were originally invented in 2003 by Han Li, a Chinese pharmacist who originally developed the device as an alternative to traditional smoking and to provide a more harm-reducing and less health-impactful replacement solution for the vast majority of smokers around the world. The e-cigarette consists of a battery component, an atomizer and a cartridge containing a nicotine or non-nicotine liquid solution. With the effect of atomization, the harm caused by tar and carbon monoxide in traditional cigarettes is avoided.
The word, Vape, which was widely disseminated in 2014, doubled compared to 2013 and also officially entered the Oxford Dictionary. This means that more and more people are using vape to refer to electronic cigarettes, a designation that distinguishes them from traditional cigarettes and helps society at large better understand the uniqueness of vape and recognize the unique value vape has in harm reduction and environmental protection.
Also from this year, the electronic cigarette industry began to expand rapidly around the world, as of 2021, electronic cigarettes in the world has more than 80 million consumer groups, various countries for the rapid development of electronic cigarettes, but also introduced the corresponding control policies.
As the world’s largest consumer market for atomized cigarettes, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the date of September 9, 2020, the electronic atomized cigarettes began to implement the PMTA (Premarketing of Tobacco Products Application) review system. The PMTA review requires a very complex process, which includes product testing, research reports, various product certifications, etc. The general review cycle for a single product can take up to 2 years and cost more than ten million dollars. Electronic atomized cigarettes through the PMTA, only to reduce the harm of tobacco products on the shelves in the name of its products on the market is very costly.
In contrast, the UK government has generally encouraged the development of electronic atomized cigarettes. PHE has since issued several policy documents to reinforce this understanding, and has allowed health insurance to prescribe nebulized cigarettes, provided nebulized cigarette lounges for patients, and even opened a free distribution program to homeless “smokers” to encourage patients to switch from traditional cigarettes to electronic nebulized cigarettes and eventually quit smoking.
Currently in the UK, the number of nebulized cigarette use is close to half the number of traditional smokers, helping more than 50,000 British smokers to quit each year.